International Affairs

International Development and Trade

How China’s Neighbors Are Reacting to Its Rise as a World Power

Over the course of the Obama administration, particularly under former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s leadership, the emphasis of American...

Food Aid in Syria: Good Intentions, Unintended Outcomes

Emergency food aid is often depicted as the international community’s humane response to a crisis, aimed at alleviating suffering in...

How Republics Fell and Monarchies Survived the Arab Spring

What made monarchies more resilient during the Arab Spring as compared to republics? To understand this conundrum, Robert Snyder offers an ideological-institutional framework in The Arab Uprising and the Persistence of Monarchy.

Is China ‘Unseating’ the US in the Middle East in a New Energy Landscape?

In light of the United States’ reduced need for oil imports, more West African and Latin American producers are competing with China’s traditional Middle Eastern suppliers for market share. The fall in global oil prices, due to increasing supply and slowing demand since mid-2014, has been an economic boon for China. China’s decision makers, however, still view the country’s high dependency on imported oil as a source of vulnerability. While China will continue to expand its commercial footprint in the Middle East, its appetite for a deeper security engagement remains limited.

The West Needs to Avoid Falling into ISIS’s Trap: A Conversation with Robert Pape

Since ISIS attacks in Jakarta, Ankara, Beirut, and Paris, Robert Pape has noted a significant shift in strategy. What is this new strategy, and what should be the Western response, particularly the US response?

The Economic Role of Refugees: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa

The massive inflow of refugees in Europe has received unprecedented attention from the media, international agencies, and policymakers, and has generated an intense debate over adequate policy responses. However, refugees in Europe make up a fraction of the world’s forced migrations. According to the UN Refugee Agency, 86 percent of the world’s refugees live in developing countries, and many of those countries experienced large inflows of refugees in the past and adopted different policies with respect to them. Thus, studying past refugee experiences in the developing world might offer some lessons for the current refugee crisis in Europe.

Why the UN Can’t Stop Civilian Slaughter

Though the perceived function of the United Nations Peace Keeping Operations is to protect civilians in conflict, it is often unable to fulfill its role in safeguarding vulnerable lives. What hinders the organization from preventing loss of civilian life, and why? Authors Bellamy and Hunt explore the expectations attached to the organization and why these expectations may not necessarily reflect reality on the ground.

The Strategy Behind China’s Rising Influence in Latin America

China’s efforts to foster a partnership with countries in Latin America reflects its strategic goal of enhancing its “hard” and “soft” power to elevate China’s status at the systemic level.

NATO Needs to Rethink Its Enlargement Strategy

NATO should alter its current enlargement policy by infusing it with geopolitical rationales. This means downgrading the transformative and democratization elements of enlargement and, instead, focusing on how candidate countries add to NATO's capabilities and impact overall alliance security.

The Evolution and Challenges of UN Targeted Sanctions

In 1990, the United Nations Security Council imposed several economic sanctions on Iraq in response to Saddam Hussein’s invasion of Kuwait. These measures were aimed at restoring international peace and security; however, they failed to accomplish their goals while raising political, economic, and humanitarian concerns. This was also the case with similar sanctions imposed on Haiti and former Yugoslavia. As a result, the UN’s authorities have diversified the kind of sanctions that it can impose, as well as the targets of these sanctions, to address those concerns and increase the effectiveness of its sanctions.

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