International Affairs

International Development and Trade

What Makes Military Dictators Transition Out of Dictatorships?

Frequent leadership cycles are common in dictatorships. Historically, military dictators, whose power is derived from the armed forces, have been...

Making Amends with the US: What Should Pakistan’s New Foreign Policy Be?

The White House was not happy with Nawaz Sharif, who was disqualified by the Supreme Court in late July on...

When Does War Transpire? Unlikely War Onset Under Uncertainty

Scholars have attempted to clarify whether uncertainty about the outcome of a potential war—victory or defeat—influences state behavior in international...

Causes of War: When the Unknown Creates False Optimism

Differing estimates and perceptions of opponents’ power may increase the likelihood of war. Countries are generally incentivized to misrepresent their...

Changing Mindsets in Pakistan: Mr. Salman Sufi on the Punjab Protection of Women Against Violence Act

Salman Sufi is Director General at the Chief Minister’s Strategic Reforms Unit within the Punjab government, which works as a...

China’s New Internet Policy: A Blessing or a Hurdle?

China’s policymakers are active in promoting online real-name registration policies, requiring Internet users to disclose their identity and personal information...

Crafting Counter-Narratives in Islamic Terrorism: America’s Failures and Lessons

The discourse around the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria’s (ISIS) use of social media evolves as the group continues...

How Should We Understand Alliance Formation in a Multilateral World?

For several decades, bilateral modeling has been the central tool in much of the theoretical and empirical research on alliance...

Encouraging the Return of Talent: Evidence on Tax Incentives from Malaysia’s Returning Expert Program

High-skilled workers are continuously migrating. According to the World Bank, in 2010 there were approximately 45 million tertiary-educated migrants globally,...

The Digital Divide in Developing Nations: Policy Impact on the Internet in Sub-Saharan Africa

The distribution of internet penetration varies widely in sub-Saharan countries. Countries such as Seychelles and South Africa have an internet...

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