Research in Brief

School’s Out for Summer: Disadvantages of the Year-Round School Calendar on Maternal Employment

A recent study finds that year-round elementary school calendars negatively impact maternal employment because it is more difficult for parents to secure child care.

Growth of Extreme Poverty in the US: Is Welfare Reform Largely to Blame?

New research estimates the growth of families living in extreme poverty from 1996 to 2011 is 159 percent, and the authors argue that welfare reform is largely to blame.

Unintended Consequences: How Child Support Programs Discourage Employment for Low-Income Families

Low-income fathers with debt are more likely to reduce labor hours and child support payments.

Left Out: Women’s Life Changes Put Their Access to Health Insurance at Risk

Instability in low-income women’s life events corresponds to an increased reliance on public health insurance systems.

How Sweets, SNAP, and Stress Affect Childhood Obesity

A study examines prenatal risk factors among low-income Hispanic mothers that may lead to childhood obesity.

Holes in the Safety Net: Why Eligible Families Don’t Fully Participate in Assistance Programs

In Maryland, the lowest-income families aren’t signing on for the public assistance for which they’re eligible.

Enduring Damage: The Effects of Childhood Poverty on Adult Health

For young children, poverty’s most damaging effects manifest over time.

Sewing Up the Hole in the Safety Net: Hope for the Hard-To-Reach Homeless Through Medicaid Expansion

A study of Massachusetts’ Medicaid expansion shows a significant increase in Medicaid enrollment among the homeless seeking substance abuse treatment.

Why We’ll Need More Than Just Inhalers if Climate Change and Air Pollution Persist

A large, multi-country study in Europe demonstrates a synergistic relationship between climate change and air pollution and their negative effects on respiratory health.

Incarceration and Deterrence: Do Sentence Enhancements Prevent Crime?

Research finds evidence that sentence enhancements not only keep criminals off the streets, but also keep them from becoming criminals in the first place.