Research in Brief

Why We’ll Need More Than Just Inhalers if Climate Change and Air Pollution Persist

A large, multi-country study in Europe demonstrates a synergistic relationship between climate change and air pollution and their negative effects on respiratory health.

Incarceration and Deterrence: Do Sentence Enhancements Prevent Crime?

Research finds evidence that sentence enhancements not only keep criminals off the streets, but also keep them from becoming criminals in the first place.

Peace Without Treaties

Stronger international laws may be discouraging states from signing peace treaties.

The Job-Skills Mismatch

Understanding why the US economy has done a poor job of matching workers to openings in the wake of the Great Recession.

Death by Insurance: Disparities in Healthcare Outcomes Based on Payment Methods

Researchers find a link between health outcomes and the type of insurance used by patients being treated for similar medical conditions at the same hospitals.

The Hidden Costs of Development Aid

Researchers find World Bank development projects to be less effective in politically important yet economically unstable countries.

The Cost of Ignoring Labor Reform in Japan

Economists contend that polarization in Japan’s labor force could hold back the success of Abenomics.

Modeling the Gang Ecosystem

Researchers examine whether gang-related violence can be predicted using models taken from ecology.

School Retention Policies: Every Child Left Behind?

Amidst the debate over school district retention policies, new research claims that retaining students is associated with a decline in the test scores of their peers.

Are Health Policy Preferences Really About Health? The Hidden Influence of Biased Media Portrayals

A recent survey suggests that stigmatizing images of obese people in medical health articles can significantly increase reader support for policies that discriminate against the obese.