Research in Brief

One Strange Health Statistic That Could Improve American Healthcare

A new study looks at a surprisingly simple metric—consumers’ self-rated overall health—and finds that it has become increasingly powerful at predicting mortality over the last few decades.

Japan’s Highly Energy Efficient Transportation Sector: Is It Possible for the US to Replicate?

A new study compares transportation sectors in the US and Japan, suggesting that potential crossover for American policymakers is minimal.

Is America Perpetuating Inequality by Increasing the Number of Schools Teaching STEM?

STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) jobs are in high demand, but STEM educational programs may not reach all American students equally.

Won’t You Be My Neighbor? The Motivating Factors Behind Neighborhood Participation

Study finds that policies aimed at supporting local participation may be the most effective in creating change in a neighborhood.

TV as Birth Control? The Surprising Role of MTV’s ’16 and Pregnant’ in Reducing Teenage Births

Study finds causal relationship between viewings of MTV’s popular reality show and a decline in US teenage births.

Discounting Energy Savings: Lessons from Incandescent Light Bulbs

A new study finds that consumers value compact fluorescent light bulbs less than their energy savings would imply.

Community-Level Determinants of Homelessness

A study using new US Department of Housing and Urban Development population estimates identifies affordable housing, an aging baby-boomer population, and poverty as considerations for policymakers working to address urban homelessness.

Discounts at the Pump: How Much is Cheap Gas Really Costing Us?

Gasoline and diesel subsidies have been criticized for encouraging excess consumption, but the total global economic cost is truly staggering, representing an annual welfare loss worth four percent of the total market for fuel.

IOU: Does Democracy Always Deliver for Taxpayers?

A study of elected versus appointed treasurers finds that cities could save millions of dollars annually by entrusting their finances to bureaucrats.