Research in Brief

Holes in the Safety Net: Why Eligible Families Don’t Fully Participate in Assistance Programs

In Maryland, the lowest-income families aren’t signing on for the public assistance for which they’re eligible.

Enduring Damage: The Effects of Childhood Poverty on Adult Health

For young children, poverty’s most damaging effects manifest over time.

Sewing Up the Hole in the Safety Net: Hope for the Hard-To-Reach Homeless Through Medicaid Expansion

A study of Massachusetts’ Medicaid expansion shows a significant increase in Medicaid enrollment among the homeless seeking substance abuse treatment.

Why We’ll Need More Than Just Inhalers if Climate Change and Air Pollution Persist

A large, multi-country study in Europe demonstrates a synergistic relationship between climate change and air pollution and their negative effects on respiratory health.

Incarceration and Deterrence: Do Sentence Enhancements Prevent Crime?

Research finds evidence that sentence enhancements not only keep criminals off the streets, but also keep them from becoming criminals in the first place.

Peace Without Treaties

Stronger international laws may be discouraging states from signing peace treaties.

The Job-Skills Mismatch

Understanding why the US economy has done a poor job of matching workers to openings in the wake of the Great Recession.

Death by Insurance: Disparities in Healthcare Outcomes Based on Payment Methods

Researchers find a link between health outcomes and the type of insurance used by patients being treated for similar medical conditions at the same hospitals.

The Hidden Costs of Development Aid

Researchers find World Bank development projects to be less effective in politically important yet economically unstable countries.

The Cost of Ignoring Labor Reform in Japan

Economists contend that polarization in Japan’s labor force could hold back the success of Abenomics.