Research in Brief

Expiring Budgets and Spending Sprees: The Cost of Use-it-or-Lose-it Budgeting

Spikes in spending at the fiscal year-end lead to staggering losses and inefficiencies in government procurement.

Is the Structure of SNAP Linked to Cyclical Illness?

Seligman et al look at whether the once-a-month nature of SNAP benefits can be linked to cyclical health problems.

The Conflict Between Religious Freedom and American Sensitivity to Islam

Research shows the number of hate groups within an area can influence the power dynamic of Islamic religious groups, their relationship with the local government, and an elected official’s response to such controversies.

The State of the Union in Brief

To encourage evidence-based policy, CPR lists some of the most relevant research on President Obama's policy proposals in the State of the Union.

Making Sanctions Toothless: How Authoritarian Regimes Survive Under International Pressure

While sanctions have become a popular tool in foreign policy, they may not be effective in confronting certain authoritarian regimes.

Friends to the End: How the Wrong Social Network Increases Risk of Homicide Victimization

Within a high-risk population, are the occurences of homicide victimization largely random or more closely related?

Separate and Suffering: The Damaging Effects of Residential Segregation on Metropolitan Economies

Residential segregation is shown to drive down income growth across all economic levels.

International Tax Havens: Are Multinationals Gaming the System?

Despite enormous efforts to minimize financial burdens through innovative international tax planning, multinational corporations still face Effective Tax Rates largely determined by the nationality of their headquarters.

The Optimal Policy Response to Hunger Strikes: Identifying the Line Between Medical Treatment and Torture

Physicians from Harvard University are concerned that, rather than helping patients, the US DOD policy requiring military doctors to force feed hunger-striking detainees at Guantanamo Bay violates professional ethics.

No Room for Smoking or Obesity: How North Carolina Dealt with Costly Retiree Insurance

Researchers evaluate North Carolina’s attempts to rein in the escalating cost of retiree healthcare.