Research in Brief

Making Sanctions Toothless: How Authoritarian Regimes Survive Under International Pressure

While sanctions have become a popular tool in foreign policy, they may not be effective in confronting certain authoritarian regimes.

Friends to the End: How the Wrong Social Network Increases Risk of Homicide Victimization

Within a high-risk population, are the occurences of homicide victimization largely random or more closely related?

Separate and Suffering: The Damaging Effects of Residential Segregation on Metropolitan Economies

Residential segregation is shown to drive down income growth across all economic levels.

International Tax Havens: Are Multinationals Gaming the System?

Despite enormous efforts to minimize financial burdens through innovative international tax planning, multinational corporations still face Effective Tax Rates largely determined by the nationality of their headquarters.

The Optimal Policy Response to Hunger Strikes: Identifying the Line Between Medical Treatment and Torture

Physicians from Harvard University are concerned that, rather than helping patients, the US DOD policy requiring military doctors to force feed hunger-striking detainees at Guantanamo Bay violates professional ethics.

No Room for Smoking or Obesity: How North Carolina Dealt with Costly Retiree Insurance

Researchers evaluate North Carolina’s attempts to rein in the escalating cost of retiree healthcare.

India’s Midday Meal Program: A Safety Net for Children’s Health

India’s Midday Meal Program provides a cushion for children’s health during times of drought and economic shock.

The Deadly Vaccine Loophole: Religious Exemptions and the Rise of Pertussis in New York

Exemptions to vaccines have played a large role in the reoccurrence of diseases previously thought to be under control in the United States.

Enduring the Heat: Could residential air conditioning mitigate the danger of global climate change?

From the US experience, the adoption of residential air conditioning appears to be a promising way to reduce heat-related mortality rates in developing countries.

Reducing Poverty: How Medicaid Does More Than Just Improve Access to Healthcare in Cities

Recent research provides evidence supporting the poverty-reducing effects of Medicaid in urban areas.