Research in Brief

Won’t You Be My Neighbor? The Motivating Factors Behind Neighborhood Participation

Study finds that policies aimed at supporting local participation may be the most effective in creating change in a neighborhood.

TV as Birth Control? The Surprising Role of MTV’s ’16 and Pregnant’ in Reducing Teenage Births

Study finds causal relationship between viewings of MTV’s popular reality show and a decline in US teenage births.

Discounting Energy Savings: Lessons from Incandescent Light Bulbs

A new study finds that consumers value compact fluorescent light bulbs less than their energy savings would imply.

Community-Level Determinants of Homelessness

A study using new US Department of Housing and Urban Development population estimates identifies affordable housing, an aging baby-boomer population, and poverty as considerations for policymakers working to address urban homelessness.

Discounts at the Pump: How Much is Cheap Gas Really Costing Us?

Gasoline and diesel subsidies have been criticized for encouraging excess consumption, but the total global economic cost is truly staggering, representing an annual welfare loss worth four percent of the total market for fuel.

IOU: Does Democracy Always Deliver for Taxpayers?

A study of elected versus appointed treasurers finds that cities could save millions of dollars annually by entrusting their finances to bureaucrats.

Paid Family Leave Pays in the Long Run

Paid family leave is associated with increased employment and earnings.

Biometrics and Artificial Neural Networks: How Big Data Collection Works in Your Favor

Experimental research reveals that biometrics matched with artificial computers can help generate significantly more accurate security measures.

Should Crop Price Matter When Determining Irrigation Acreage?

A new study attempts to predict demand for water in agricultural regions, allowing a better selection of irrigated acreage and an overall increase in water savings.