Research in Brief

High Quality Vocab Cues from Parents Predict Better Comprehension Among Their Children

Children who received higher quality vocabulary cues from their parents are found to have higher vocabulary comprehension scores than those whose parents gave lower quality cues.

Another Path: Can school-based gang prevention programs show youth a way out?

An evaluation of the G.R.E.A.T. program, implemented as a school-based response to gang activity among youths, finds that students enrolled in the program are less likely than their peers to join gangs or have negative attitudes towards the police.

Save Money, Live Better? The Urban Carbon Emissions of Wal-Mart

Ongoing research suggests that the economic decisions that Wal-Mart makes may result in the optimization of its energy consumption and in turn a reduction in its carbon emissions.

A Different Kind of ‘Green’ Motivation in Environmental Campaigns

A three-part experiment demonstrates how, in some situations, campaigns using environmental and social appeals may be more effective than traditional economic appeals in producing positive behavior changes.

Do Medical Marijuana Laws Increase Adolescent Marijuana Abuse?

Researchers from the University of Florida College of Medicine find no discernable impact of medical marijuana laws (MMLs) on adolescent marijuana abuse.

Dreaming of Blue Skies: The Impact of Winter Heating on Air Quality in Northern China

Winter heating is linked to higher ambient concentrations of total suspended particles (TSP) and a reduction in life expectancy in northern China.

Storage Wars: Can Wind and Solar Afford Grid Energy Storage?

Stanford researchers consider life cycle assessments of wind and solar technologies to determine whether they can afford the energetic costs associated with grid-scale energy storage deployment.

Reevaluating Openness to Trade: Estimating the True Potential Gains from the Service Industry

New research finds that potential welfare gains from trade liberalization are likely highly underestimated because international trade statistics fail to capture the true economic impact of tradable services.

Early Investment Equals Academic Success: How States Can Get the Most for their Education Program Dollars

Programs like North Carolina’s Smart Start and More at Four are producing better academic outcomes – and not just for the children in the programs.

Neighborhood Effects: The Influence on School Closures and Openings

New study finds that closing urban public schools can lead to educational alternatives that increase segregation.