Research in Brief

Reevaluating Openness to Trade: Estimating the True Potential Gains from the Service Industry

New research finds that potential welfare gains from trade liberalization are likely highly underestimated because international trade statistics fail to capture the true economic impact of tradable services.

Early Investment Equals Academic Success: How States Can Get the Most for their Education Program Dollars

Programs like North Carolina’s Smart Start and More at Four are producing better academic outcomes – and not just for the children in the programs.

Neighborhood Effects: The Influence on School Closures and Openings

New study finds that closing urban public schools can lead to educational alternatives that increase segregation.

Take Your Pills! Improving Medication Adherence through Value-Based Insurance Design Plans

Researchers examine characteristics associated with improved medication adherence in Value-Based Insurance Design plans that aim to improve patient health while reducing treatment cost.

Do Employers Care About Potential Employees’ Long-term Unemployment Spells?

Long-term unemployment spells do not influence employers’ hiring decisions according to new research in the American Economic Review.

Movers and Stayers – Residential Mobility as a Measure of Family Well-Being

Political scientist Robin Phinney explores why some low-income families decide to move while others do not.

Ending Poverty? Modern Slums and Stagnation in Government Action

Researchers find that the mechanisms behind past slum development success stories do not adequately translate to fixing slums in the modern developing world.

Growing Pains: The Link Between Increasing Wage Inequality and City Size

Researchers establish a possible connection between rising wage inequality and city size.

The Role of City Planners in Building Family-Friendly Communities

A new study examines the attitudes of planners towards family-friendly communities and finds several factors are critical to the creation of urban environments that are more conducive to child welfare and development.

Behind Public Opinion: What Makes Hydraulic Fracturing Controversial

Understanding individual perceptions can help explain public opinion polls about hydraulic fracturing.