Research in Brief

Do you want a higher minimum wage with that?

This classic study of fast food restaurants challenged economic orthodoxy on the minimum wage.

Paradox of Subsidy: Could Biofuel subsidies be increasing CO2 emissions?

A new study finds that biofuel subsidies from 1981-2011 paradoxically may have led to the increase in oil production and greenhouse gas emissions.

How Message Framing Can Help Explain Energy User Motivations

Targeted message framing can help increase participation in and understanding of energy efficient programs provided by utility companies and government subsidies, which are largely unknown by residents.

High Quality Vocab Cues from Parents Predict Better Comprehension Among Their Children

Children who received higher quality vocabulary cues from their parents are found to have higher vocabulary comprehension scores than those whose parents gave lower quality cues.

Another Path: Can school-based gang prevention programs show youth a way out?

An evaluation of the G.R.E.A.T. program, implemented as a school-based response to gang activity among youths, finds that students enrolled in the program are less likely than their peers to join gangs or have negative attitudes towards the police.

Save Money, Live Better? The Urban Carbon Emissions of Wal-Mart

Ongoing research suggests that the economic decisions that Wal-Mart makes may result in the optimization of its energy consumption and in turn a reduction in its carbon emissions.

A Different Kind of ‘Green’ Motivation in Environmental Campaigns

A three-part experiment demonstrates how, in some situations, campaigns using environmental and social appeals may be more effective than traditional economic appeals in producing positive behavior changes.

Do Medical Marijuana Laws Increase Adolescent Marijuana Abuse?

Researchers from the University of Florida College of Medicine find no discernable impact of medical marijuana laws (MMLs) on adolescent marijuana abuse.

Dreaming of Blue Skies: The Impact of Winter Heating on Air Quality in Northern China

Winter heating is linked to higher ambient concentrations of total suspended particles (TSP) and a reduction in life expectancy in northern China.

Storage Wars: Can Wind and Solar Afford Grid Energy Storage?

Stanford researchers consider life cycle assessments of wind and solar technologies to determine whether they can afford the energetic costs associated with grid-scale energy storage deployment.