Research in Brief

“A” For Attendance: Do Certain Types of Absences Affect Students Differently?

Students who miss school intermittently suffer more than students who miss school due to mass disruptions like snow days, suggesting there are more negative effects from poor attendance than just missed instructional time.

Finance for Social Good: Are Microloans Truly Empowering the Impoverished?

An experiment in rural Morocco finds that economic gains from access to microfinance are highly variable, and there are no significant indirect impacts on the status of women and children.

Prisons as Asylums: Looking at Correctional Treatment of Mentally-Disordered Inmates

It is unclear what proportion of inmates in correctional facilities have mental disorders, but the current methods for treating these inmates can be more effective, more rehabilitative, and less punitive.

Female Legislators and the Tipping Point for Female Centered Policy

Research shows that, as the percentage of female legislators increases, the likelihood of the state instituting welfare sanctions decreases.

District of Change: Gentrification and Demographic Trends in Washington, DC

A study of household migration behavior in DC reveals long-term regional effects of gentrification.

Stop, Children, What’s That Sound? The Unintended Consequences of Police Contact on Juveniles

Study finds that “stop, question, and frisk” interactions between juveniles and police lead to an enhanced likelihood of future youth delinquency.

Into Sub-Saharan Africa: Spillover Effects of China’s Economic Boom Through Trade

China’s domestic investment activities prove as strong stimulus to direct trade expansion for its partners in Africa.

The Welfare Investment: How Child Sponsorship Is Tied to Future Education and Employment

Children participating in an international sponsorship program are more likely to attain higher education and formal employment.

Creating Self-Enforcing Democracy: Fraud, Protest, and the Role of International Observers

The presence of international elections observers may discourage both election fraud and “sore loser” protests.

Scaling Back Quantitative Easing: Domestic Recovery at a Foreign Cost

Federal Reserve announcements about “tapering,” or reducing the level of quantitative easing, had significant negative impacts on financial asset prices in otherwise robust emerging market economies.