Research in Brief

Are genetically modified crops a health risk?

Public debate about genetically modified crops misses the fact that a preponderance of scientific studies show GM foods to be safe to consume. Where risks do exist, they are no different than those found in non-GM crops.

No Pomp, All Circumstance: How Changing the College Experience Could Close the Higher Education Gap

There is a staggering gap between low- and middle-income students in college completion rates. New research indicates that the key to closing this gap may be focusing on helping first-generation students develop “school-relevant selves.”

Grandma Retires: How a New Grandchild Changes a Woman’s Career Choices

A new study analyzes the effects of a new grandchild on a grandmother’s labor force participation and attempts to connect caring for grandchildren with retirement choices.

Who’s in Charge? The Impact of Greater Principal Autonomy on Student Test Scores

In a recent article published in Education Finance and Policy, Matthew P. Steinberg examines the impact of greater principal autonomy on student test scores in Chicago.

Closing the private school enrollment gap: Are education vouchers enough?

Variations in parental education and income explain most of the ethnic, racial, and immigrant differences in private school attendance.

Why Inclusive Zones are Not Inclusive Everywhere

Research from New York University explains why inclusive housing policies work better in some places than in others.

Should No Child Left Behind Be Reauthorized? The Impact of Accountability Pressure on Teachers and Students

A recent study in the American Economic Journal is the first to look at the impact of No Child Left Behind incentives on teachers and students nationwide.

Why Passing the State Budget on Time is a Must for Stabilizing Market Conditions

The authors of a study analyzing state budgets find that the lack of fiscal governance, defined as enacting a budget on time, causes variation in general obligation bond yield spreads for state issuers.

From Africa to China: the Adventure of African Merchants Entrepreneurs

Growing relations between Africa and China have led to an influx of African merchants in China. African merchants contribute to the emergence of transient spaces in Chinese cities, as well as to successful business performance, benefitting the Chinese economy and society.

If you Give a Kid a Preschool, She’ll Probably Want to Learn: Insights into Head Start

New research based on the Head Start Impact Study helps identify the program characteristics that lead to the greatest student gains.