Research in Brief

If You Build It, They Won’t Come: Why Eliminating Food Deserts Won’t Close the Nutrition Gap

A recent study finds that nutritional differences across socioeconomic groups are not well explained by access to healthy foods.

A Tale of Two Turnout Functions: Effects of Development on Voter Turnout across Countries

New research finds evidence that development, compulsory voting laws, and decisiveness of elections have distinct effects in developed and developing countries.

Looking at Effects of Tennessee Medicaid Contraction on Adult Hospitalizations

A new quasi-experimental study sheds light on the mechanism through which Medicaid expansion translates into mortality reduction among newly insured populations.

Crowding Out Care: Overburdened Emergency Departments Could Hurt Patients by Diverting Ambulance Traffic

A new study finds that, when patients are diverted from emergency departments due to overcrowding, they receive lower levels of treatment and suffer worse outcomes.

The Institutional Design of Sustainable Democracy

A durable democracy, which would sustain a functioning market economy, requires institutional restrictions on the ability of democratically elected officials to set policies.

In the Fight for Food Security, Sustainable Land Management Plays a ‘Growing’ Role

Though the authors found consistently positive (i.e. increased) yields for cover cropping, organic fertilization, mulching, and water harvesting, even more compelling is the meta-analysis that was conducted to investigate the potential for climate change mitigation.

Mommy and Me: The Impact of Paid Family Leave on Breastfeeding

Researchers examine the impact of a new paid family leave policy in California on rates of breastfeeding.

Social Skills: The New Employment Requirement?

Deming theorizes that, as manufacturing and other jobs have become more easily automated, the human ability to empathize and to be an effective “team player” has become more essential.

The Politics of Economic Growth and Stability

Legislative oversight is more significant to economic and political stability than electoral accountability.

Are electric cars more environmentally friendly? It depends where you drive them.

The boom in electric car sales, enhanced by federal subsidies, does not reflect the fact that, in some cases, powering those cars produces more emissions than powering conventional cars. The characteristics of each state and regional mode of electricity generation should be considered in designing a subsidy (or tax) scheme.