Research in Brief

Looking at Effects of Tennessee Medicaid Contraction on Adult Hospitalizations

A new quasi-experimental study sheds light on the mechanism through which Medicaid expansion translates into mortality reduction among newly insured populations.

Crowding Out Care: Overburdened Emergency Departments Could Hurt Patients by Diverting Ambulance Traffic

A new study finds that, when patients are diverted from emergency departments due to overcrowding, they receive lower levels of treatment and suffer worse outcomes.

The Institutional Design of Sustainable Democracy

A durable democracy, which would sustain a functioning market economy, requires institutional restrictions on the ability of democratically elected officials to set policies.

In the Fight for Food Security, Sustainable Land Management Plays a ‘Growing’ Role

Though the authors found consistently positive (i.e. increased) yields for cover cropping, organic fertilization, mulching, and water harvesting, even more compelling is the meta-analysis that was conducted to investigate the potential for climate change mitigation.

Mommy and Me: The Impact of Paid Family Leave on Breastfeeding

Researchers examine the impact of a new paid family leave policy in California on rates of breastfeeding.

Social Skills: The New Employment Requirement?

Deming theorizes that, as manufacturing and other jobs have become more easily automated, the human ability to empathize and to be an effective “team player” has become more essential.

The Politics of Economic Growth and Stability

Legislative oversight is more significant to economic and political stability than electoral accountability.

Are electric cars more environmentally friendly? It depends where you drive them.

The boom in electric car sales, enhanced by federal subsidies, does not reflect the fact that, in some cases, powering those cars produces more emissions than powering conventional cars. The characteristics of each state and regional mode of electricity generation should be considered in designing a subsidy (or tax) scheme.

Can Financial Penalties Drive Hospitals to Improve Patient Care?

A new study finds evidence that financial penalties through the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program reduced patient readmissions for targeted conditions.

Understanding ‘Home Bias’ in the Global Stock Market

Stock price data for a set of Chinese firms highlight the effects of information asymmetry created by differences in social trust between local and foreign investors.