Research in Brief

Feel It in the Air: Pollution and Crime in Chicago

A recent study provides the first quasi-experimental evidence of a link between air pollution and criminal behavior. Researchers estimate the cost of pollution-induced crime and make a case for environmental sustainability policies that consider the impact of pollution and crime on communities.

Testing vs. Discretion: How Should Firms Hire Their Employees?

New research analyzes how hiring decisions made using job assessments versus manager discretion impact employee retention and productivity.

Messages to Parents Can Help Low-Performing Students

Weekly, direct messages from teachers to parents significantly reduce low-performing students' risk of not earning course credit.

Can Drones Help Prevent Human Rights Abuses?

Surveillance drones have the potential to deter and prevent human rights violations.

Including LGBT Data in Electronic Health Records

Recently, the University of California Davis Health System became the first US academic health center to introduce sexual orientation and gender identity data into its electronic health records.

Mindfulness in the Classroom: Meeting Children’s Socioemotional Needs

Evidence suggests that children exposed to social and emotional learning programs with mindfulness practices show significant improvements in executive functions, well-being, social behavior, and academic performance.

The Interaction between Family Networks and Labor Markets: Evidence from West Africa

Research exposes the significant impact of family networks on labor market dynamics in developing countries.

Do Alliances Actually Make States More Secure?

Evidence suggests that policymakers should abandon alliance formation as a means of preventing war.

Show Me the Calories? Calorie Counts on Menu Boards May Not Impact Consumer Choice in Restaurants

A new study finds that posting calorie counts on menu boards in fast food restaurants increases awareness of information but does not impact long-term purchasing decisions.

Spend or Save? What to Decide When Faced with Financial Emergencies

Behavioral interventions aimed at promoting savings may lead to counterproductive consequences. Researchers find that consumers may borrow high-interest debt in favor of preserving low-interest savings. Policies encouraging savings should be coupled with efforts that promote education on appropriate spending of savings.