Research in Brief

Economic downturns: Bad for your wallet, good for your health?

A recent study confirms the finding that mortality rates decrease during recessions and that severe recessions produce even larger reductions in mortality rates.

What’s Dragging Down the Asian Economy? A New Look at Determinants of Growth

Researchers find that private and public investments, lower financial risk, and flexible exchange rate regimes appear to support the economic growth of Asian countries, while more open capital accounts marginally reduce growth.

Open for Innovation: How Does Open Innovation Impact National Laboratories?

Open innovation has an impact on both scientific and technological innovation on the national laboratory level through links with industry, international collaboration, and the employment of non-permanent staff.

If You Build It, They Won’t Come: Why Eliminating Food Deserts Won’t Close the Nutrition Gap

A recent study finds that nutritional differences across socioeconomic groups are not well explained by access to healthy foods.

A Tale of Two Turnout Functions: Effects of Development on Voter Turnout across Countries

New research finds evidence that development, compulsory voting laws, and decisiveness of elections have distinct effects in developed and developing countries.

Looking at Effects of Tennessee Medicaid Contraction on Adult Hospitalizations

A new quasi-experimental study sheds light on the mechanism through which Medicaid expansion translates into mortality reduction among newly insured populations.

Crowding Out Care: Overburdened Emergency Departments Could Hurt Patients by Diverting Ambulance Traffic

A new study finds that, when patients are diverted from emergency departments due to overcrowding, they receive lower levels of treatment and suffer worse outcomes.

The Institutional Design of Sustainable Democracy

A durable democracy, which would sustain a functioning market economy, requires institutional restrictions on the ability of democratically elected officials to set policies.

In the Fight for Food Security, Sustainable Land Management Plays a ‘Growing’ Role

Though the authors found consistently positive (i.e. increased) yields for cover cropping, organic fertilization, mulching, and water harvesting, even more compelling is the meta-analysis that was conducted to investigate the potential for climate change mitigation.

Mommy and Me: The Impact of Paid Family Leave on Breastfeeding

Researchers examine the impact of a new paid family leave policy in California on rates of breastfeeding.