Research in Brief

The Economic Role of Refugees: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa

The massive inflow of refugees in Europe has received unprecedented attention from the media, international agencies, and policymakers, and has generated an intense debate over adequate policy responses. However, refugees in Europe make up a fraction of the world’s forced migrations. According to the UN Refugee Agency, 86 percent of the world’s refugees live in developing countries, and many of those countries experienced large inflows of refugees in the past and adopted different policies with respect to them. Thus, studying past refugee experiences in the developing world might offer some lessons for the current refugee crisis in Europe.

Rethinking the Use of Biometric Systems for Refugee Management

The use of iris scans for refugee management is expanding, but the risks associated with this technology are often overlooked.

Hidden Costs of High-Deductible Plans

A very large firm switched from completely subsidized insurance plans to high-deductible insurance plans, resulting in a reduction of 13 percent in total health spending. Evidence suggests that consumers are potentially reducing both wasteful and needed medical care, thus behaving counter to their financial and medical interests.

Opportunities and Challenges Associated with the Internet of Things

Although the Internet of Things has major potential for economic opportunities, it still faces problems in data privacy, security, and other areas that have yet to be overcome.

The Complicated Relationship between Public Sector Employment and Governance in Low-Income Countries

Evidence suggests that public sector workers in low-income countries have a wage premium relative to their private sector counterparts, despite the fact that they have lower quality governance. Improving the design of public sector personnel policies may have an impact on the quality of governance.

Citizenship: An Urban Asset

Researchers at the Urban Institute find compelling economic benefits of naturalization for eligible immigrants and the cities in which they live.

Money Alone Can’t Buy Positive Education Outcomes in China

Compared to monetary resources, non-monetary resources, particularly parenting practices, are more consequential for children’s achievement in the Chinese context.

Won’t You Be My Neighbor? Understanding Resistance to Neighborhood Densification

New research reveals that increased diverse and unknown social interactions are the main causes of resistance to neighborhood densification among residents of urban areas.

The 2008 Beijing Olympic Games: Spillover Effects on Air Quality and Health

A study links special government controls on pollution enacted during the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing to significant increases in air quality and significant decreases in mortality rates associated with cardiovascular and respiratory diseases.

Closing the School Readiness Gap for Children Born to Teenage Mothers

In her paper, Amber L. Brown evaluates whether there is a difference in the school readiness of children born to teenage mothers versus children born to average-age mothers participating in the Home Instruction for Parents of Preschool Youngsters (HIPPY) program. The results suggest that children born to teenage mothers perform equally as well on school readiness as children born to average-age mothers.