Research in Brief

Do Alliances Actually Make States More Secure?

Evidence suggests that policymakers should abandon alliance formation as a means of preventing war.

Show Me the Calories? Calorie Counts on Menu Boards May Not Impact Consumer Choice in Restaurants

A new study finds that posting calorie counts on menu boards in fast food restaurants increases awareness of information but does not impact long-term purchasing decisions.

Spend or Save? What to Decide When Faced with Financial Emergencies

Behavioral interventions aimed at promoting savings may lead to counterproductive consequences. Researchers find that consumers may borrow high-interest debt in favor of preserving low-interest savings. Policies encouraging savings should be coupled with efforts that promote education on appropriate spending of savings.

Creating Jobs to End War

An experiment in Liberia offers new insights on how to deal with ex-combatants after war.

How Does Consumption Spending Respond to Housing Prices?

New research explores the complex relationship between housing prices and consumer spending. The magnitude of this relationship can vary considerably over time and across households.

Using Value-Added Measures to Assess Healthcare

At the core of healthcare reform is the goal to maximize value for patients at the lowest cost possible. As is shown in this study, value-added measures can give valuable insight into the effectiveness and efficiency of healthcare providers.

Higher Savings, Lower Returns: The Unacknowledged Externalities of Financial Innovation

New research shows how innovation in finance may increase the aggregate demand for investments over time, yet lower the expected return on assets.

How Female Migration Can Reduce Gender Inequality

A recent OECD study suggests that differences in the rates of immigration across gender are associated with socially-institutionalized forms of gender inequality, such as norms that restrict females’ access to education, family planning, property ownership, and labor markets. The authors study how these factors impact female migration and, in turn, contribute to perpetuating gender inequality.

The Changing Landscape of GMO Policy in the EU

Diffusion patterns of GMO-"freeness" in the EU reveal significant intra-state diffusion but limited inter-state growth.

Poverty Trap, or Ticket to Economic Growth? Forecasting the Impact of Climate Change on Migration and Global Inequality

A new study models the long-run effects of global warming on agricultural productivity and its impact on migration flows in low- and middle-income countries.