Research in Brief

Early Childcare Especially Helps Children from Disorganized Households

For children living in highly disorganized households, greater childcare hours may lead to more optimal cognitive and social outcomes.

Progress toward Digital Literacy and Inclusion in Emerging Markets

In this digital age, the ubiquity of mobile Internet creates tremendous opportunities for individuals and communities. Success in unlocking social and economic opportunities requires that global communities foster inclusion by supporting individuals from disadvantaged communities to overcome literacy barriers and participate in the creation of mobile content and services.

Work Stress Is the New Secondhand Smoke

A recent article in The Behavioral Science & Policy Journal sheds light on the combined effects of several workplace stressors on overall health outcomes.

The Link between Perceived Income Inequality Conditions and Higher Caloric Intake

Poverty and income inequality conditions translate into higher obesity rates by inducing anxiety and uncertainty feelings for individuals, who increase their caloric intake as a response.

Is Student Debt Hindering Entrepreneurship?

Evidence suggests that a change in a household’s student debt from $0 to about $35,000 decreases entrepreneurship by three percentage points.

Putting a Price Tag on Nature: Contingent Valuation and Other Approaches

According to a recent study, the human brain works differently when evaluating nature than when defining a value for any other good.

Entrepreneurship: The Modern Day Crime-Stopper

A study finds that the growth of African-American-owned businesses in urban communities plays a role in decreasing the rate of youth violent crime.

Renting While Black: Revealed Preferences in the Sharing Economy

Evidence from a recent field experiment, based on data from Airbnb, demonstrates that racial discrimination persists on modern, online sharing marketplaces. Results indicate that guests with distinctively African-American names were found to be 16 percent less likely to be accepted by hosts on the site than guests with distinctively White names.

More Money, More Problems: The Impact of Tuition Increases on Undocumented Student Achievement

Research on the impact of a tuition increase for undocumented students in the City University of New York (CUNY) system shows that higher costs significantly reduce degree completion by increasing drop-out rates for newer students and reducing the number of credits earned by remaining students. This evidence suggests that tuition subsidies not only encourage undocumented students to attend college but also help ensure they complete college upon enrollment.

The Economic Role of Refugees: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa

The massive inflow of refugees in Europe has received unprecedented attention from the media, international agencies, and policymakers, and has generated an intense debate over adequate policy responses. However, refugees in Europe make up a fraction of the world’s forced migrations. According to the UN Refugee Agency, 86 percent of the world’s refugees live in developing countries, and many of those countries experienced large inflows of refugees in the past and adopted different policies with respect to them. Thus, studying past refugee experiences in the developing world might offer some lessons for the current refugee crisis in Europe.