Research in Brief

Opportunities and Challenges Associated with the Internet of Things

Although the Internet of Things has major potential for economic opportunities, it still faces problems in data privacy, security, and other areas that have yet to be overcome.

The Complicated Relationship between Public Sector Employment and Governance in Low-Income Countries

Evidence suggests that public sector workers in low-income countries have a wage premium relative to their private sector counterparts, despite the fact that they have lower quality governance. Improving the design of public sector personnel policies may have an impact on the quality of governance.

Citizenship: An Urban Asset

Researchers at the Urban Institute find compelling economic benefits of naturalization for eligible immigrants and the cities in which they live.

Money Alone Can’t Buy Positive Education Outcomes in China

Compared to monetary resources, non-monetary resources, particularly parenting practices, are more consequential for children’s achievement in the Chinese context.

Won’t You Be My Neighbor? Understanding Resistance to Neighborhood Densification

New research reveals that increased diverse and unknown social interactions are the main causes of resistance to neighborhood densification among residents of urban areas.

The 2008 Beijing Olympic Games: Spillover Effects on Air Quality and Health

A study links special government controls on pollution enacted during the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing to significant increases in air quality and significant decreases in mortality rates associated with cardiovascular and respiratory diseases.

Closing the School Readiness Gap for Children Born to Teenage Mothers

In her paper, Amber L. Brown evaluates whether there is a difference in the school readiness of children born to teenage mothers versus children born to average-age mothers participating in the Home Instruction for Parents of Preschool Youngsters (HIPPY) program. The results suggest that children born to teenage mothers perform equally as well on school readiness as children born to average-age mothers.

The Role of Drought and Climate Change in Syrian Conflict

A recent study shows how climate change contributed to the 2007-2010 drought and how this affected conflict in Syria.

Are Pregnancies Saving Lives Among Sex Workers in Sub-Saharan Africa?

A new study suggests that pregnancy among female sex workers in sub-Saharan Africa could act as a crucial entry point into the healthcare system, yielding better outcomes for HIV testing and treatment.

Doctor Knows Best: Leveraging Pediatricians to Reduce the Use of Physical Punishment

New research uncovers a promising method for reducing parental use of physical punishment by engaging with parents through pediatricians.