Research in Brief

The 2008 Beijing Olympic Games: Spillover Effects on Air Quality and Health

A study links special government controls on pollution enacted during the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing to significant increases in air quality and significant decreases in mortality rates associated with cardiovascular and respiratory diseases.

Closing the School Readiness Gap for Children Born to Teenage Mothers

In her paper, Amber L. Brown evaluates whether there is a difference in the school readiness of children born to teenage mothers versus children born to average-age mothers participating in the Home Instruction for Parents of Preschool Youngsters (HIPPY) program. The results suggest that children born to teenage mothers perform equally as well on school readiness as children born to average-age mothers.

The Role of Drought and Climate Change in Syrian Conflict

A recent study shows how climate change contributed to the 2007-2010 drought and how this affected conflict in Syria.

Are Pregnancies Saving Lives Among Sex Workers in Sub-Saharan Africa?

A new study suggests that pregnancy among female sex workers in sub-Saharan Africa could act as a crucial entry point into the healthcare system, yielding better outcomes for HIV testing and treatment.

Doctor Knows Best: Leveraging Pediatricians to Reduce the Use of Physical Punishment

New research uncovers a promising method for reducing parental use of physical punishment by engaging with parents through pediatricians.

All Roads Lead to Health: Medicaid Expansion Could Be Valuable Regardless of Method

A new study finds that expanding Medicaid has significant positive effects for patients, but whether it happens via traditional Medicaid or private Marketplaces does not make much of a difference.

Money and Polarization: How Campaign Limits Are Both a Solution and a Problem

Raising contribution limits on individual donations polarizes legislators in office, while increasing PAC limits leads to greater moderation.

The Lonely Sequel of China’s One-Child Policy

A recent study shows the struggles of an increasing number of Chinese parents who have lost their only child and will have to rely on the public system for support during their old age.

All Growth Is Local: Housing Supply and the Economics of Mobility

Economists argue that more reasonable zoning regulations could boost social mobility, increase incomes, and expand economic growth.

The Fight to End Blight: What Can Cities Do to Minimize Urban Deterioration?

A study demonstrates the effectiveness of urban containment policies in reducing city blight with the end goal of promoting population growth in downtown neighborhoods.