Research in Brief

Aid, Women, and Leadership in Post-Conflict Societies

After a conflict, relations among actors have to be (re)built. When are external interventions focused on increasing collective action after conflicts effective?

Is China ‘Unseating’ the US in the Middle East in a New Energy Landscape?

In light of the United States’ reduced need for oil imports, more West African and Latin American producers are competing with China’s traditional Middle Eastern suppliers for market share. The fall in global oil prices, due to increasing supply and slowing demand since mid-2014, has been an economic boon for China. China’s decision makers, however, still view the country’s high dependency on imported oil as a source of vulnerability. While China will continue to expand its commercial footprint in the Middle East, its appetite for a deeper security engagement remains limited.

An Intergenerational Analysis of the Impact of War on Child Soldiers

Evidence suggests that a one-standard deviation change in the depression and anxiety levels of caregivers is associated with a 0.43-standard deviation change in the negative internalization of symptoms among youth in their care.

To Ban the Box, or Not to Ban the Box? How Policy Change Can Affect Hiring and Employment

Evidence suggests that Ban the Box policies in high-crime neighborhoods have a positive effect on employment, compared to other high-crime neighborhoods that have not yet implemented the measure. Adopting this measure could impact employment opportunities in high-crime neighborhoods, although more research is needed to fully understand the overall effect on the labor market.

Does Changing Kindergarten Entry Cutoff Age Help Improve Educational Achievement?

Research suggests that an earlier kindergarten entry date generally reduces the dispersion of test scores in fourth and eighth grades, which is seen as a measurement of the educational achievement gap among different socioeconomic groups.

Getting Older and Getting Around: Transportation Options for Senior Citizens

A new study reviews the transportation preferences of senior citizens.

True Colors: How Ethnic Studies Courses Can Help Minority High School Students

New research shows promising impacts of Ethnic Studies courses for students in the San Francisco Unified School District.

Avoiding Systemic Risks and Tackling Recessions: A Network Perspective

Employing network theory to understand social and economic interactions is coming into prominence, and these authors want to understand this phenomenon.

Does Access to School-Based Healthcare Reduce Teen Birth Rates and Lead to More High School Completion?

Research suggests that school-based healthcare reduces teen fertility, but does not substantially reduce high school dropout rates.

The Unintended Consequences of Border Patrol: How US Immigration Policy Backfired

New research suggests that the policies of border security have ultimately backfired, leading to an increase in the number of undocumented immigrants.