Research in Brief

Abortion and Access to Better Schools in Romania

In their paper, Ofer Malamud, Cristian Pop-Eleches, and Miguel Urquiola examine—through the combined use of regression discontinuity and difference-in-difference techniques—whether there is a positive interaction between family and school environments in Romania.

The Uneven Retreat from Marriage

A study shows the ways in which demographic changes regarding marriage, divorce, and cohabitation in the past 50 years have fostered family inequality across socioeconomic groups, causing negative impacts for children.

You’ve Been Accepted to College, but How Do You Pay for It? A Proposal to Streamline Federal Financial Aid

A recent research report entitled “Tax Benefits For College Attendance” conducted by Susan Dynarski and Judith Scott-Clayton investigates how the federal government could streamline the existing federal financial aid system and increase uptake for college tax benefits.

Technology as an Urban Solution to Economic Decline

Research shows that US cities recover more quickly from economic crises when they possess a workforce with a technologically diverse knowledge base that can be readily applied to related areas.

How Republics Fell and Monarchies Survived the Arab Spring

What made monarchies more resilient during the Arab Spring as compared to republics? To understand this conundrum, Robert Snyder offers an ideological-institutional framework in The Arab Uprising and the Persistence of Monarchy.

Aid, Women, and Leadership in Post-Conflict Societies

After a conflict, relations among actors have to be (re)built. When are external interventions focused on increasing collective action after conflicts effective?

Is China ‘Unseating’ the US in the Middle East in a New Energy Landscape?

In light of the United States’ reduced need for oil imports, more West African and Latin American producers are competing with China’s traditional Middle Eastern suppliers for market share. The fall in global oil prices, due to increasing supply and slowing demand since mid-2014, has been an economic boon for China. China’s decision makers, however, still view the country’s high dependency on imported oil as a source of vulnerability. While China will continue to expand its commercial footprint in the Middle East, its appetite for a deeper security engagement remains limited.

An Intergenerational Analysis of the Impact of War on Child Soldiers

Evidence suggests that a one-standard deviation change in the depression and anxiety levels of caregivers is associated with a 0.43-standard deviation change in the negative internalization of symptoms among youth in their care.

To Ban the Box, or Not to Ban the Box? How Policy Change Can Affect Hiring and Employment

Evidence suggests that Ban the Box policies in high-crime neighborhoods have a positive effect on employment, compared to other high-crime neighborhoods that have not yet implemented the measure. Adopting this measure could impact employment opportunities in high-crime neighborhoods, although more research is needed to fully understand the overall effect on the labor market.

Does Changing Kindergarten Entry Cutoff Age Help Improve Educational Achievement?

Research suggests that an earlier kindergarten entry date generally reduces the dispersion of test scores in fourth and eighth grades, which is seen as a measurement of the educational achievement gap among different socioeconomic groups.